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山東模具:五金模具維修經驗

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  模具常見毛病產生的緣由。處置對策
  Causes of common defects in dies. Disposal Countermeasures
  在級進模的沖壓消費中,針對沖壓不良現象必需做到詳細剖析,采取卓有成效的處置對策,從基本上處理所發作之問題,如此才干降低消費本錢,到達消費順暢。以下就消費中常見的沖壓不良現象其產生的緣由及處置對策剖析如下,供模具維修人員參考。
  In the stamping consumption of progressive dies, it is necessary to analyze the phenomenon of poor stamping in detail and adopt effective countermeasures to deal with the problems occurring basically so as to reduce the cost of consumption and achieve smooth consumption. Following is an analysis of the causes of common stamping defects in consumption and the countermeasures to deal with them, which can be used as a reference for die maintenance personnel.
  1.沖件毛邊。
  1. Blanking edge.
 ?。?)緣由:a、刀口磨損; b、間隙過大研修刀口后效果不明顯;c、刀口崩角; d、間隙不合理上下偏移或松動; e、模具上下錯位。
  (1) Reasons: a, tool wear; b, too large clearance grinding tool edge effect is not obvious; c, tool edge angle collapse; d, unreasonable upward and downward displacement or loosening of clearance; e, upper and downward displacement of die.
 ?。?)對策:a、研修刀口;b、控制凸凹模加工精度或修正設計間隙;c、研修刀口;d、調整沖裁間隙確認模板穴孔磨損或成型件加工精度等問題;e、改換導向件或重新組模。
  (2) Countermeasure: a, grinding tool edge; b, controlling punch and concave die processing accuracy or modifying design clearance; c, grinding tool edge; d, adjusting blanking clearance to confirm hole wear or forming parts processing accuracy; e, changing guide parts or re-assembling die.
  2.跳屑壓傷
  2. Scrap and crush
 ?。?)緣由:a、間隙偏大; b、送料不當;c、沖壓油滴太快,油粘;d、模具未退磁;e、凸模磨損,屑料壓附于凸模上;f、凸模太短,插入凹模長度缺乏;g、材質較硬,沖切外形簡單;h、應急措施。
  (1) Reasons: a, the gap is too large; b, improper feeding; c, the oil droplets are too fast and sticky; d, the die is not demagnetized; e, the punch is worn and the chip is pressed on the punch; f, the punch is too short and the length of the insertion die is insufficient; g, the material is hard, the punching shape is simple; h, emergency measures.
 ?。?)對策:a、控制凸凹模加工精度或修正設計間隙;b、送至恰當位置時修剪料帶并及時清算模具;c、控制沖壓油滴油量,或改換油種降低粘度;d、研修后必需退磁(沖鐵料更須留意);e、研修凸模刀口; f、調整凸模刃入凹模長度;g、改換資料,修正設計。凸模刃入端面裝頂出或修出斜面或弧性(留意方向)。減少凸模刃部端面與屑料之貼合面積;h、減小凹模刃口的尖利度,減小凹模刃口的研修量,增加凹模直刃部外表的粗糙度(被覆),采用吸塵器吸廢料。降低沖速,減緩跳屑。
  (2) Countermeasure: a, control punch and concave die processing accuracy or modify design clearance; b, trim material belt and settle the die in time when it is sent to the appropriate position; c, control the amount of oil droplets in stamping, or change oil species to reduce viscosity; d, demagnetization is necessary after finishing (more attention should b e paid to iron stamping); e, study punch tool edge; f, adjust punch edge into concave. Length of die; g. Change data, revise design. Punch blade into the end of the ejection or repair the inclined or arc (pay attention to the direction). Reduce the area between the end face of punch and chip; H. Reduce the sharpness of the die edge, reduce the amount of research and repair of the die edge, increase the roughness (covering) of the straight edge of the die, and use vacuum cleaner to absorb waste. Reduce the impulse speed, slow down the chip.
  3.屑料阻塞
  3. Chip Blockage
 ?。?)緣由:a、漏料孔偏??;b、漏料孔偏大,屑料翻騰;c、刀口磨損,毛邊較大;d、沖壓油滴太快,油粘;e、凹模直刃部外表粗糙,粉屑燒結附著于刃部;f、材質較軟;g、應急措施。
  (1) Reasons: a. Leakage holes are small; B. Leakage holes are large and scrap material is turning; C. Knife edge is worn and the edge is big; D. Punching oil droplets are too fast and sticky; E. Direct edge of die is rough and powder sintering adheres to the edge; f. Material is soft; g. Emergency measures.
 ?。?)對策:a、修正漏料孔;b、修正漏料孔;c、刃修刀口;d、控制滴油量,改換油種;e、外表處置,拋光,加工時留意降低外表粗糙度;更改資料,f、修正沖裁間隙;g、凸模刃部端面修出斜度或弧形(留意方向),運用吸塵器,在墊板落料孔處加吹氣。
  (2) Countermeasures: a. Correcting leaking hole; B. Correcting leaking hole; C. Edge trimming; D. Controlling the amount of oil dripping and changing oil types; E. Appearance disposal, polishing and attention to reducing surface roughness during processing; Changing data, f. Correcting blanking clearance; g. Cutting slope or arc (attention direction) at the end of punch edge, using vacuum cleaner. The device adds air blowing at the blanking hole of the cushion plate.
  4.下料偏位尺寸變異
  4. Size variation of cutting offset
 ?。?)緣由:a、。凸凹模刀口磨損,產生毛邊(外形偏大,內孔偏?。?;b、設計尺寸及間隙不當,加工精度差;c、下料位凸模及凹模鑲塊等偏位,間隙不均;d、導正銷磨損,銷徑缺乏;e、導向件磨損;f、送料機送距、壓料、放松調整不當;g、模具閉模高度調整不當;h、卸料鑲塊壓料位磨損,無壓料(強壓)功用(資料牽引翻料引發沖孔?。?;i、卸料鑲塊強壓太深,沖孔偏大;j、沖壓資料機械性能變異(強度延伸率不穩定);k、沖切時,沖切力對資料牽引,引發尺寸變異。
  (1) Reasons: a. The tool edge of punch and concave die is worn, resulting in rough edge (larger shape, smaller inner hole); b, inappropriate design size and clearance, poor processing accuracy; c, offset of punch and insert of concave die, uneven clearance; d, wear of guide pin, lack of pin diameter; e, wear of guide parts; f, improper feeding distance, pressing and relaxation adjustment of feeder;g. (2) improper adjustment of die closing height; h. abrasion of material level of unloading insert, no pressing function (small punching caused by data pulling and turning); I. too deep pressure of unloading insert, too large punching hole; J. variation of mechanical properties of punching data (unstable strength elongation); K. punching force pulls and leads to data when punching. Hair size variation.
 ?。?)對策:a、研修刀口; b、修正設計,控制加工精度;c、調整其位置精度,沖裁間隙;d、改換導正銷;e、改換導柱、導套;f、重新調整送料機;g、重新調整閉模高度;h、研磨或改換卸料鑲塊,增增強壓功用,調整壓料;i、減小強壓深度;j、改換資料,控制進料質量;k、凸模刃部端面修出斜度或弧形(留意方向),以改善沖切時受力情況。答應時下料部位于卸料鑲塊上加設導位功用。
  (2) Countermeasure: a, grinding tool edge; b, modifying design to control processing accuracy; c, adjusting its position accuracy and blanking clearance; d, changing guide pin; e, changing guide pillar and guide sleeve; f, adjusting feeder; g, adjusting closed die height; h, grinding or changing unloading insert, enhancing pressure function and adjusting pressure material; Reduce the depth of pressure; J. Change the data to control the quality of feed; K. Modify the end face of punch blade with slope or arc (pay attention to direction) to improve the force condition during punching. When promised, the discharging position is added to the discharging insert with a guide function.
  5.卡料
  5. stuffing
 ?。?)緣由:a、送料機送距、壓料、放松調整不當;b、消費中送距產生變異;c、送料機毛??;d、資料弧形,寬度超差,毛邊較大;e、模具沖壓異常,鐮刀彎引發;f、導料孔徑缺乏,上模拉料;g、折彎或撕切位上下脫料不順;h、導料板之脫料功用設置不當,料帶上帶;i、資料薄,送進中翹曲;j、模具架設不當,與送料機垂直度偏向較大。
  (1) Reasons: A. inappropriate feeding distance, pressing and relaxation adjustment of feeder; B. variation of feeding distance in consumption; C. faults of feeder; D. data arc, excessive width and large hairline; E. abnormal punching of die, caused by sickle bending; F. lack of guide aperture, drawing of upper die; g. bad stripping of upper and lower parts at bending or tearing cutting positions; H. improper setting of stripping function of guide plate, belt on material belt; I. thin data, warping in feeding; J. improper setting of die, which deviates from the perpendicularity of feeder.
 ?。?)對策:a、重新調整;b、重新調整;c、調整及維修;d、改換資料,控制進料質量;e、消弭料帶鐮刀彎;f、研修沖導正孔凸、凹模;g、調整脫料彈簧力氣等;h、修正導料板,防料帶上帶;i、送料機與模具間加設上下壓料,加設上下擠料平安開關;j、重新架設模具。
  (2) Countermeasure: a, readjustment; b, readjustment; c, adjustment and maintenance; d, change data to control feed quality; e, eliminate the sickle bending of blanking belt; f, research and repair the punching convex and concave die; g, adjust the force of stripping spring; h, modify the guide plate and take-up of blanking belt; i, add up and down pressure material between feeder and die. The upper and lower extrusion safety switch is added, and the die is re-erected.
  6.料帶鐮刀彎
  6. Belt Sickle Bending
 ?。?)緣由:a、沖壓毛邊( 特別是載體上);b、資料毛邊,模具無切邊;c、沖床深度不當(太深或太淺);d、沖件壓傷,模內有屑料;e、部分壓料太深或壓到部部分損傷;f、模具設計。
  (1) Reasons: a, stamping edge (especially on the carrier); b, data edge, die without cutting edge; c, improper depth of punch (too deep or too shallow); d, stamping parts with scraps in the die; e, part of the material is too deep or part damaged; f, die design.
山東模具
 ?。?)對策:a、研修下料刀口; b、改換資料,模具加設切邊安裝;c、重調沖床深度;d、清算模具,處理跳屑和壓傷問題;e、檢查并調整各位卸料及凹模鑲塊高度尺寸正確,損傷位研修;f、采用整彎機構調整。
  (2) Countermeasure: a. Research and repair the cutting edge; B. Change the material and install the cutting edge of the die; C. Re-adjust the depth of the punch; D. Clean up the die to deal with chip skipping and crushing problems; E. Check and adjust the height and dimension of each discharging and die insert to correct and repair the damage position; f. Use the bending mechanism to adjust.
  7.凸模斷裂崩刃
  7. Fracture and Blade Breaking of Punch
 ?。?)緣由:a、跳屑、屑料阻塞、卡模等招致;b、 送料不當,切半料;c、凸模強度缺乏;d、大小凸模相距太近,沖切時資料牽引,引發小凸模斷;e、凸模及凹模部分過于尖角;f、沖裁間隙偏??;g、無沖壓油或運用的沖壓油揮發性較強;h、沖裁間隙不均、偏移,凸、凹模發作干預;i、卸料鑲塊精度差或磨損,失去精細導向功用;j、模具導向不準、磨損;k、凸、凹模材質選用不當,硬度不當;i、導料件(銷)磨損; m、墊片加設不當。
  (1) Reasons: a, chip skipping, chip blocking, die clamping and other causes; b, improper feeding, half cutting; c, punch strength deficiency; d, large and small punches are too close to each other, data traction during punching, resulting in small punch breakage; e, punch and die parts are too sharp; f, punching clearance is too small; g, non-punching oil or used punch oil volatility is strong; h, punching clearance is uneven, offset, etc. Intervention of punch and concave die attack; I. poor precision or wear of unloading insert, loss of fine guiding function; J. inaccurate guide and wear of die; improper selection of material for k, punch and concave die, improper hardness; I. abrasion of guide parts (pins); improper addition of M and gasket.
 ?。?)對策:a、。處理跳屑、屑料阻塞、卡模等問題; b、留意送料,及時修剪料帶,及時清算模具;c、修正設計,增加凸模整體強度,減短凹模直刃部尺寸,留意凸模刃部端面修出斜度或弧形,細小部后切;d、小凸模長度磨短相對大凸模一個料厚以上;e、修正設計;f、控制凸凹模加工精度或修正設計間隙,細小部沖切間隙恰當加大;g、調整沖壓油滴油量或改換油種;h、檢查各成形件精度,并施以調整或改換,控制加工精度;i、研修或改換;j、改換導柱、導套,留意日常頤養;k、改換運用材質,運用適宜硬度;i、改換導料件; m、修正,墊片數盡可少,且運用鋼墊,凹模下墊片需墊在墊塊下面。
  (2) Countermeasure: a. Deal with chip skipping, chip blocking, clamping and other issues; B. Pay attention to feeding, timely trimming material belt, timely clearing die; C. Revise design, increase the overall strength of punch, reduce the size of straight edge of concave die, pay attention to the obliquity or arc of the end face of punch edge, after cutting small parts; d, the length of small punch is shorter than one material thickness of large punch; e, revise design; f, control punch and concave; Mould processing accuracy or revised design clearance, small punching clearance properly increased; g, adjust the amount of oil droplets or change the oil species; h, check the accuracy of each forming part, and adjust or change it to control the processing accuracy; i, research or change; j, change guide pillar, guide sleeve, pay attention to daily maintenance; k, change the use of materials, use appropriate hardness; i, change guide material parts; m, repair; The number of gaskets is very small, and steel gaskets are used. The gaskets under the concave die need to be placed under the gaskets.
  8.折彎變形尺寸變異
  8. Size Variation of Bending Deformation
 ?。?)緣由:a、導正銷磨損,銷徑缺乏;b、折彎導位局部精度差、磨損;c、折彎凸、凹模磨損( 壓損);d、模具讓位缺乏;e、資料滑移,折彎凸、凹模無導位功用,折彎時未施以預壓;f、模具構造及設計尺寸不良;g、沖件毛邊,引發折彎不良;h、折彎部位凸模、凹模加設墊片較多,形成尺寸不穩定;i、資料厚度尺寸變異;j、資料機械形能變異。
  (1) Reasons: A. wear of guide pin and lack of pin diameter; B. poor local accuracy and wear of bending guide position; C. wear of bending convex and concave die (pressure loss); D. lack of die alienation; E. slip of data, no guide function of bending convex and concave die, no pre-pressing was applied in bending; F. poor die structure and design dimension; G. blank edge of punch, resulting in poor bending; h. bending convex part; There are many gaskets added to the die, resulting in unstable size; I. Variation of data thickness and size; J. Variation of data mechanical shape and energy.
 ?。?)對策:a、改換導正銷;b、重新研磨或改換;c、重新研磨或改換;d、檢查,修正;e、修正設計,增設導位及預壓功用;f、修正設計尺寸,合成折彎,增加折彎整形等;g、研修下料位刀口; h、調整,采用整體鋼墊;i、改換資料,控制進料質量;j、改換資料,控制進料質量。
  (2) Countermeasure: a, change guide pin; b, re-grind or change; c, re-grind or change; d, check and amend; e, revise design, add guide position and pre-pressure function; f, revise design size, synthesize bending, increase bending and shaping; g, study cutting edge; h, adjust, use integral steel pad; i, change data, control feed quality; j, change data; Control feed quality.
  9.沖件上下(一模多件時)
  9. stamping parts up and down
 ?。?)緣由:a、沖件毛邊;b、沖件有壓傷,模內有屑料;c、凸、凹模(折彎位)壓損或損傷;d、沖剪時翻料;e、相關壓料部位磨損、壓損;f、相關撕切位撕切尺寸不分歧,刀口磨損; g、相關易斷位預切深度不分歧,凸凹模有磨損或崩刃; h、相關打凸部位凸凹模有崩刃或磨損較為嚴重; i、模具設計缺陷。
  (1) Reasons: a, blank edge; b, punch has crush, there is chip in the die; c, convex and concave die (bending position) is crushed or damaged; d, blanking during punching and shearing; e, related pressing parts are worn and pressed; f, the size of tear cutting position is not different, tool edge is worn; g, relevant pre-cutting depth of transposition is not different, convex and concave die is worn or flattened; h, relevant punching parts are convex and concave parts are worn and concave; Die has a serious edge breakdown or wear; I. Die design defects.
 ?。?)對策:a、研修下料位刀口; b、清算模具,處理屑料上浮問題;c、重新研修或改換新件;d、研修沖切刀口,調整或增設強壓功用;e、檢查,施行維護或改換;f、維修或改換,保證撕切情況分歧; g、檢查預切凸、凹模情況,施行維護或改換;h、檢查凸、凹模情況,施行維護或改換;i、修正設計,加設上下調整或增設整形工位。
  (2) Countermeasure: a, research and repair the cutting edge of cutting level; b, liquidation die to deal with the problem of chip material floating; c, Re-research or replace new parts; d, research and repair punching cutting edge to adjust or add pressure function; e, inspection, maintenance or replacement; f, maintenance or replacement to ensure that the tearing situation is different; g, check the situation of pre-cut punch and concave die, implement maintenance or replacement; h, check punch and concave; Mould condition, maintenance or replacement; I. Revision design, add up and down adjustment or additional shaping station.
  10.維護不當
  10. Improper maintenance
 ?。?)緣由:a、模具無防呆功用,組模時忽略招致裝反方向、錯位(指不同工位)等;b、曾經偏移過間隙之鑲件未按原狀恢復。
  (1) Reasons: a. Mould has no anti-dull function, neglecting to cause reverse direction of assembly and dislocation (referring to different positions) when assembling the mould; B. Inserts that have offset the gap have not been restored as they are.
 ?。?)對策:a、修正模具,增防呆功用;b、采模具上做記號等方式,并在組模后對照料帶做必要的檢查、確認,并做出書面記載,以便查詢。
  (2) Countermeasure: a. Mould modification to increase the function of anti-stupidity; B. Marking on the mining die and making necessary checks and confirmations on the material strip after forming the die, and making written records for inquiry.
  在沖壓消費中,模具的日常維護作業至關重要,即日常留意檢查沖壓機及模具能否處于正常狀態,如沖壓油的供應導向部的加油。模具上機前的檢查,刃部的檢查,各部位鎖緊確實認等,如此可防止許多突發性事故的產生。修模時一定要先想然后行,并認真做好記載積聚經歷。以上是刮刮乐2000廠家為大家整理的相關內容,想要了解更多內容,歡迎大家訪問://www.yfrmbf.com.cn
  In stamping consumption, the daily maintenance of the die is very important, that is, daily attention to check whether the stamping machine and the die can be in normal condition, such as the refueling of the supply guide part of the stamping oil. The inspection before the die is put on the machine, the inspection of the edge, the locking of each part and so on can prevent the occurrence of many sudden accidents. When repairing moulds, we must first think and then act, and record accumulative experience carefully. The above is the related content that Shandong Mold Manufacturer sorted out for you. If you want to know more, you are welcome to visit: //www.yfrmbf.com.cn.
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